The upcoming Republic of China (Taiwan) 2020 presidential election is scheduled for January 11, 2020. The Legislative Yuan election is held concurrently.
The winner of the 2020 presidential election will be inaugurated on May 20, 2020.
The presidential and vice presidential candidates will be elected together on the same ticket, using first-past-the-post voting.
Currently, the Democratic Progressive Party (DPP), Kuomintang (KMT), New Power Party (NPP) and People First Party (PFP), which received more than five percent of the total vote share in the latest election at any level, are eligible to introduce their presidential candidates.
If independent candidates and smaller parties’ candidates wish to contest, they have to submit applications to the Central Election Commission within five days after the public notice for election is issued. Then, they will have to gather joint signatures from 1.5 percent of the total electors in the latest election of the members of the Legislative Yuan (about 280 thousand), and pay the deposit of NT$1,000,000.
DPP: President Tsai Ing-wen won the DPP primary on June 7, 2019, and was officially nominated by the party to run for the election. Her opponent William Lai, former president of the Executive Yuan, withdrew his candidacy after losing the primary.
KMT: Five candidates joined the party primary, including Eric Chu, the former New Taipei City Mayor; Terry Gou, chairman of Foxconn; and Han Kuo-yu, the current mayor of Kaohsiung, as the dominant contestants. On July 16, 2019, Han Kuo-yu won the party’s poll and was officially nominated by the party to run as the KMT candidate.
(In this file photo released by Taiwan’s Military News Agency, Taiwan war planes are parked on a highway during an exercise to simulate a response to a Chinese attack on its airfields in Changhua in southern Taiwan. Source: "Military News Agency" via the "Associated Press.")